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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-20

Does malocclusion affect Adolescents' social acceptance?

Assist. Prof., Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fadia M Al-Hummayani
P.O. Box 80464, Jeddah 21589
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jios.jios_29_18

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the social impact and self-perception of malocclusion among adolescents and to investigate whether types and severity of malocclusion have any effect on adolescents' social acceptance. Methodology: The sample size was 886 males and females living in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia, chosen from middle and high schools' students, with ages ranging from 12 to 19 years. After completion of the questionnaire to assess social impact, all participants were examined using Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN), Dental Health Component, and Aesthetic Component. Results: The results showed that there was a highly significant difference between the means of both social impact and self-perceived need scores according to gender and according to the severity of treatment need as assessed by the examiner using IOTN. Malocclusion has a negative effect on social acceptance. Anterior spacing, anterior open bite, increased overjet, and crowding–in this order–have the most negative impacts on adolescents' social acceptance. Conclusions: Social acceptance is negatively affected by the severity of malocclusion. Spacing, open bite, increased overjet, and crowding have the most negative impacts on adolescents' social acceptance.

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