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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-93

Does socioeconomic status and family type influence oral health-related quality of life in individuals with malocclusion?


1 Additional Prof., Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College, Gandhinagar, India
2 Additional Prof., Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Thrissur, India
3 Prof. and Head, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College, Gandhinagar, India
4 Principal and Prof., Department of Endodontics, PMS Dental College, Trivandrum, India
5 Joint Director of Medical Education and PhD Guide, Directorate of Medical Education, Government of Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Elbe Peter
Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College, Kottayam, Gandhinagar - 686 008, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jios.jios_224_17

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Background: Socioeconomic status of patients seeking orthodontic treatment is important in a developing country like India. No public funding is available at a large scale for the treatment of malocclusion. Aim: The aim of the study was to test the null hypothesis that there is no influence of socioeconomic status and family type on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among adolescents in central Kerala. Methodology: Four hundred and twenty higher secondary school students aged between 15 and 18 years took part in the study. A previously developed and validated psychometric tool with 20 items was administered. Normative malocclusion features and treatment needs were recorded. Statistical testing using Chi-square and logistic regression to predict the variables that influence OHRQoL was performed. Results: There was a significant association between socioeconomic status of the individuals and OHRQoL at both bivariate and multivariate analysis. Family type also showed a significant relation at bivariate level. Conclusions: The null hypothesis that there is no influence of socioeconomic status and family type on OHRQoL was rejected.


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