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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 14-18

50 years of the Indian Orthodontic Society

Founder member and Past President, Indian Orthodontic Society

Date of Web Publication10-Dec-2015

Correspondence Address:
Keki M Mistry
Founder member and Past President, Indian Orthodontic Society

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0301-5742.171153

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How to cite this article:
Mistry KM. 50 years of the Indian Orthodontic Society. J Indian Orthod Soc 2015;49, Suppl S1:14-8

How to cite this URL:
Mistry KM. 50 years of the Indian Orthodontic Society. J Indian Orthod Soc [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Jun 16];49, Suppl S1:14-8. Available from: http://www.jios.in/text.asp?2015/49/5/14/171153

  Prelude Top

Some days back, our dynamic Editor, Dr. Mrs. Sridevi Padmanabhan telephoned me to pen my thoughts for our journal (for which she has been doing such marvelous work) on the 50 years of the Indian Orthodontic Society (IOS) since I was there from the beginning as a founder member.

Dr. Halfden Mahler, the then chief of the WHO (where I had the privilege of being a consultant) said words that are etched in my memory, "to move forward with vision, it is essential to look back with perception, not to blame ourselves or our predecessors, but to learn lessons from history as a springboard for the future."

  The Beginning/Looking Back Top

Turning the memory pages of history, my thoughts flew back 53 years, to a meeting in the then Kwality Restaurant below my clinic. Over a cup of coffee Dr. Ashok Modi, Dr. Naishad Parikh, and I brought up the idea of showcasing our treated/unfinished cases in order to discuss various treatment modalities. The idea of a study group was then mooted. We took the idea to Dr. H.D. Merchant and Dr. H.S. Sheikh, who blessed the concept. That was the beginning of the Bombay Orthodontic Study group in 1963. A structure was formulated with a Convener and a Co-Convener with a dedicated day and place for meeting. The first Convener of the group was Dr. Keki M. Mistry, and the Co-Convener was Dr. V.O. Sanghvi. Through Dr. Merchant and Dr. Modi, we were able to get a meeting place at the Indo-German Chamber of Commerce and decided to meet in the evenings of every second Wednesday of the month. The study group was regularly attended by Dr. H.D. Merchant, Dr. Prem Prakash, Dr. H.S. Sheikh, Dr. A.B. Modi, Dr. Naishadh Parikh, Dr. Keki Mistry, Dr. Alvero Henriques, Dr. Veeru Patel, Dr. M.R. Joshi from Ahmedabad, and Dr. S. Joshi from Pune, whenever they were in town.

Subsequently, stalwarts such as Dr. P. Wadkar, Dr. M.K. Prakash, and Dr. Nikhil Vashi infused new blood and vitality to the study groups and lately Dr. Prashant Dhole and Dr. Shanbaug and many others contributed to the continuity of the Bombay Study Group and made it into a very viable and enthusiastic group. Many study groups have now been established, and they are a very vibrant and vital part of the Orthodontic Scene in India.

  The Indian Orthodontic Society Idea is Born Top

Since many graduates of orthodontics all over India were from Nair Dental College and Hospital and Government Dental College and Hospital and were displaying great enthusiasm in the progress of our study group, some of us decided to work toward the establishment of an all India body which we called the IOS. The main objectives of the society would be:

  • To popularize and promote the study of orthodontics in India
  • To popularize and spread the practice of orthodontics in India
  • To educate the public in India about the importance of orthodontics.
The IOS was started in 1965 with the following founder members - Dr. H.D. Merchant, Dr. Prem Prakash, Dr. H.S. Sheikh, Dr. A.B. Modi, Dr. Naishadh Parikh, and Dr. Keki Mistry.

Dr. H.D. Merchant and Dr. Naishadh Parikh took the responsibility of framing the constitution with inputs from the rest of the founder members. We spent a considerable amount of time defining the word orthodontist but finally it was left undefined regarding qualifications, etc., It was also decided that for the first 10 years, the President of the Society would be among the founder members by seniority of age. The term of the president of IOS at that time was for 2 years. Myself being the junior most was sixth on the list so that by the grace of destiny makes me the First Elected President of the IOS.

"Everyone cannot do everything,

But everyone can do something

And together we can do many things."

Inspite of the diversity of training and differing points of view, there was a great camaraderie among the founder members, and we could basically build up the society through our bonding, mutual respect, and regard for each other.

Today, the IOS stands as the first specialized Dental Society in India and is the second largest in the world. This has been achieved by standing on the shoulders of great Presidents, Secretaries, Executives, Editors, and General Members, who all wish orthodontics to take its rightful place in the sun.

We have distinguished members such as Dr. Nikhilesh Vaid, who has taken IOS globally, becoming the President of the Asian-Pacific Orthodontic Society and Executive Member of the World Orthodontic Society. Our stalwarts such as Dr. Krishna Nayak, Dr. Vijay Jayade (who had an excellent workshop on Orthodontic Postgraduate Education in India) Dr. Jo Verghese, Dr. Singh, Dr. Jyotindra Kumar, Dr. Vinod Verma, Dr. Asha Verma (who had the distinction of being the first lady President of IOS), Dr. Samraj, Dr. Jaleli, Dr. Pradeep Jayna, and many others too numerous to mention. Each and every member of the IOS is a potential leader and that is the great strength of our society.

As we celebrate the Golden Jubilee of IOS in 2015, it would be appropriate to briefly introduce the biodata of each of the founder members so lovingly researched by Dr. Bhooma Vashi.

Dr. Harikrishan D. Merchant,

Father of Indian Orthodontics, IOS President (1965-1967)

Dr. H.D. Merchant [Figure 1] received his DMD from Germany. Dr. Korkhaus was his teacher and mentor. He returned to India and gave the first series of lectures in Orthodontics in 1935 at Nair Dental College.{Figure 1}

Dr. H.D. Merchant was the founder of the Department of Orthodontics at Nair Hospital Dental College and stayed as the Professor and Head of the Department of Orthodontics at Nair Hospital and Dental College from 1937 until his retirement in 1963.

Dr. H.D. Merchant was a founder member of IOS and the first President of IOS (1965-1967). He was the first Editor of the Journal of IOS in 1968 and stayed editor for a long time (1968-1974). He was not only the Founder Member of Indian Dental Association but also was appointed as the President for three tenures. He was the convener of Dental Gold Panel (1962-1963). He was honored by Pierre Fauchard Academy as "dentist of the year 1976" for his outstanding contribution to Dental Education in India, which was awarded for the 1 st time in India. His main area of expertise was removable mechanotherapy. [2]

Dr. Prem Prakash

IOS President (1967-1969)

Dr. Prem Prakash [Figure 2] received his BDS Degree from De Montmorency Dental College, Lahore, Punjab University in 1947. He developed an interest in orthodontics because of his instructor Dr. Balraj Vacher at Lahore and A. S. Ghosh from Calcutta.{Figure 2}

After earning a scholarship from the Government of India, he was sent to Tufts University for further studies. He got his MS in Orthodontics from Tufts University, USA in 1950 under Dr. Margolis, Dr. Greenstein, and Dr. Oren Oliver. He taught at Tufts for 3 years before returning to India, with a vision in 1953.

He started his private practice at Lotus House, Marine Lines, Mumbai. He was the first orthodontist to start exclusive Orthodontic Practice in India.

Dr. Prem Prakash attended the first course of Begg Technique given by Dr. Begg in 1953.

In 1954, he joined the CEM Dental College as an honorary visiting lecturer. He ushered in Begg's Era in India in the 1960s. He had converted his earlier edgewise practice to Begg Practice.

Dr. Prem Prakash was the second President of the IOS. He was the first examiner of IBO.

Dr. Ashok B. Modi

IOS President (1969-1971)

Dr. A.B. Modi [Figure 3] was another stalwart in Orthodontic profession. Dr. Modi did his BDS in 1955 from Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, and DMD in Orthodontics in Bonn University, Germany, under Dr. Korkhaus in 1959.{Figure 3}

He returned to Bombay and joined Nair Dental College and Hospital as a part-time Lecturer. He followed Dr. H.D. Merchant in establishing the Department of Orthodontics at Nair Dental Hospital from 1960 to 1988 for 28 years. He was the founder member of IOS. He was considered an authority on functional appliances. He was appointed by many dental companies as their advisor because of his thorough knowledge about the functioning of dental equipment.

Dr. H. S. Shaikh

IOS President (1971-1973)

Dr. H.S. Shaikh [Figure 4] did his BDS from Sir CEM Dental College in 1954 and MDS in Orthodontics in 1961 both from GDC Bombay. Dr. Shaikh was trained under postgraduate (PG) teacher, Dr. V. Iyer assisted by Dr. Prem Prakash and Dr. A.C. Henriques. He became a Professor in GDCH, Bombay.

Dr. Shaikh took voluntary retirement and went to Libya and taught there as a Professor and Head of Department of Orthodontics for a period of 3½ years. Later, he joined the King Saud University as a professor of Orthodontics. He was an eminent teacher and one of the founders of IOS. He popularized Begg technique in India. (At a personal level, I cannot forget his greatness at volunteering to be the IOS Secretary with me as President, after he was President two turns earlier!).{Figure 4}

Dr. Naishadh Parikh

IOS President (1973-1975)

Dr. Naishadh Parikh [Figure 5] received his BDS Degree from Nair Dental College in 1955. He was chosen as the first student to do his internship at Boston University, USA, by the Indian Dental Association (IDA) in 1957.{Figure 5}

He went on to Loyola University to pursue his orthodontic training under Dr. Richard Jaraback in 1958, and obtained his Master's degree in Oral Biology.

He returned to India in 1961 and taught students at NHDC voluntarily and started his private practice as well. In 1962, an honorary post was created for Dr. Parikh at NHDC, and he joined as a faculty.

He was the founder Secretary and Treasurer of IOS. He introduced Jaraback Technique in India in 1961. He retired in 1989.

Dr. Keki Mistry

IOS President (1975-1978)

Dr. Keki Mistry [Figure 6] graduated from Bombay University in 1957 with distinction in orthodontics. He obtained his Masters in Orthodontics from University of Illinois, USA under the famous Dr. Allan G. Brodie and Dr. Robert Ricketts. He also obtained M.Sc.D. from London University and D.D.P.H. from the Royal College of Surgeons of London.{Figure 6}

Dr. Mistry is a founder member and first elected President of the IOS. He is a past Editor of JIOS and has his own private practice in Mumbai.

Dr. Mistry is an Ex. Professor and Head of the Department of Orthodontics at GDCH Mumbai and currently its Professor Emeritus. He has also been PG Teacher and Examiner in Orthodontics at Bombay University and various universities across India.

After his retirement from GDC, Dr. Mistry was appointed Dean and Director at D. Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai and is currently its Honorary Director and Professor Emeritus in Orthodontics.

Due to his work with the WHO, Dr. Mistry obtained his Masters in Public Health from London University and from Copenhagen in Denmark. Oral Health Day celebrated by the WHO on April 7 every year was conceptualized by him.

He is the holder of the Lifetime Achievement Award by the IOS in 2013.

Dr. Mohandas Bhat,

Founder Member of IOS

Dr. Bhat [Figure 7] received his dental degree from GDC Bengaluru in 1960 and his Masters in Orthodontics. He also received his orthodontic training in the USA. He also holds a master's degree in public health.{Figure 7}

He was an eminent teacher and was one of the founder members of IOS. He was honored by IAPHD for introducing the discipline of Dental Public Health in India, by starting the first ever Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry at the GDC Bengaluru in 1968.

Dr. Bhat served with project "HOPE" in Natal, Brazil from 1975 to 1979 and has now migrated to the USA working in its National Institute of Health.

  Conclusion Top

The IOS has come a long way in 50 years. We have many institutions teaching PG students in our country. Our journal is one of the finest and is received well in many countries of the world. With more education and more awareness in the country, we all as specialists of orthodontics must not only strive to deliver quality care and be torch bearers of quality orthodontic care in our country but also be good human beings caring for our public and for the less fortunate. This will be a great tribute to all founder members of IOS and visionaries of our specialty.


  • To the Editor IOS Dr. Sridevi Padmanabhan and her team
  • To President Dr. Nikhilesh Vaid and Secretary Dr. Deepak Chandra and their team
  • To Dr. Nikhil and Dr. Bhooma Vashi for their research of the biodata' and ready help with the manuscript.

  Authors Top

Dr. Keki M. Mistry Founder member and Past President, Indian Orthodontic Society. Graduated in Dentistry with Distinction from the University of Mumbai. Masters in Orthodontics from the University of Illinois, U.S.A. Has done his M.Sc.D. and D.D.P.H. in Public Dental Health from the University of London and the Royal College of Surgeons, London, U.K. Received "Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)" from International Open University at Copenhagen Denmark. Former Professor and Head of Orthodontics at Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai. A pioneer in dentistry and one of the first dental specialists to usher in the concept of Orthodontics and speciality dentistry in India, has been in exclusive private practice for the past 45 years in Mumbai. He has headed many dental institutions and has been President of almost all Dental Organizations in India. Dr. Mistry has been the recipient of several National and International Awards. A tribute to his remarkable life and achievements are chronicled in the book Dr. Keki Minocher Mistry Our Gentle Giant.


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