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CASE REPORT
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-99

Severe Bone Loss induced by Orthodontic Elastic Separator: A Rare Case Report


1 Reader, Department of Orthodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Senior Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Professor and Head, Department of Orthodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
4 Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
A E Vishwanath
Reader, Department of Orthodontics, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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A displaced orthodontic elastic separator was proposed as being the source of a gingival abscess that progressed to severe bone loss and exfoliation in a healthy adolescent patient with sound periodontal status prior to commencement of orthodontic treatment. After 1 year of undergoing orthodontic treatment, the patient presented with dull pain and mobility in the left upper permanent molar for which there was no apparent etiology. On clinical examination, the patient had gingival inflammation, associated with a deep pocket and severe mobility (grade III) in relation to the same teeth. Radiographic examination of an orthopantomogram and intraoral periapical radiography (IOPAR) revealed a chronic periodontal abscess with severe necrosis of the periodontal ligament and severe alveolar bone loss. A radiopaque mass on the distal surface below the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) was also observed. The patient was referred to the department of periodontics for assessment and appropriate treatment. On curettage, it was found that there was orthodontic elastic separator which was displaced subgingivally.


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